The “footprint” of the action involves preparation of preliminary site assessment (SA) and environmental assessment (EA). These reports should determine human or nature activities which have made significant impacts to the site and environment. Provided data will outline:
- nature of existing environment
- affected cultural and natural environment
- impacts consequences
- unavoidable adverse impacts
- cumulative impacts
The preservation of naturally buried artifacts and archaeological context depends on water, air, soil, groundwater chemistry, organic matter and the fauna. The outline of SA and EA will determine the methodology and scope of project research design, as well will provide evidence of preservation problems, potentially affecting a context. The ground penetrating radar (GPR) techniques will be used to record data in the field. The GPR method of data acquisition is been chosen to eliminate unnecessary ground disturbance as non invasive methods of subsurface analysis are vital in site conservation. Excavation methods will be limited to salvage excavations only. The geographic information system (GIS) based on spatial analysis software will examine buried structures within their spatial relevance and will generate three dimensional maps. This methodology will produce the record with no need to remove artifacts or destroy archaeological context. However, the knowledge of geophysical and spatial data will also benefit salvage excavations as trenches can be set out to the precise perimeters.
Conservation in situ and education are the most effective means of protecting archaeological sites over the long term. The benefits of archaeological research are in the information about the past that can be learned through proper investigations. Therefore the KL Stutthof Archaeological Resources Protection and Preservation program creates heritage and history public outreach campaign to work over the long term on prevention of archaeological looting and vandalism. Notably, archaeological sites are the places with their histories where real events took place. They are always associated with people, events and all dynamics of the past history. Consequently, oral histories have been recognized as a subsidiary to the archaeological record. To preserve the oral history The KL Stutthof Museum has established “The Last Witness” program which collects testimonies form former prisoners of KL Stutthof. The oral histories supported by written history and archaeological data will ensure that the words of these survivors live on to tell future generations about the German concentration camps and the system behind them.